Changeset 124 in t29-www

Nov 13, 2009, 12:27:02 AM (10 years ago)

Englische Uebersetzung groesstenteils synchronisiert:

  • Tabelliermaschine, GAMMA 3, GAMMA 10: Seite geteilt wie im deutschen, Uebersetzung synchronisiert
  • news: angepasst
  • verschiedentlich andere Uebersetzungsanpassungen.

-- Sven @ workstation

2 added
11 edited


  • en/computer/analog.shtm

    r93 r124  
    172172             This computer was built in the early 1970s and was priced at 80.000 DM (about 40.000 euro/dollar)
    173173         </p>
     174         <div class="clear"></div>
    174175    </div>
     177    <div class="box center">
     178        <h3 class="center">(Cylindrical) slide rules</h3>
     179         <img src="/shared/photos/rechnertechnik/rechenschieber.jpg"
     180          alt="Slide rule (slipstick) and Cylindrical slide rule" width="694" height="161"/>
     181         <p class="bildtext">
     182             Last but not least a mechanical analog computer that was used up to
     183             the 1970s for scientific calculations without hand and desk calculators.
     184             <br/>The picture above displays a 1.8m long demo slide rule
     185             made of wood (1950s) that was used in schools for students since the
     186             10th grade. Compared to hand calculators, these analog computers
     187             also had some advantages: Students could not give absurd computing
     188             precisions, these "computers" were cheap and quite fast. The big
     189             disadvantage was that adding and subtracting was not possible at all.
     190             <br/>To get higher precisions in the 1920s, there was this
     191             "Cylindrical slide rule". This 60cm NESTLER device can be compared
     192             to an ordinary slide rule measuring 12.50m.
     193          </p>
     194     </div>
    176196</div><!-- end of content -->
  • en/computer/commercial.shtm

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    r121 r124  
    1616    <meta name="DC.Title" content="Technikum29 - <!--#echo var="title" -->" />
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    18     <meta name="t29.SVN" content="$Id$" />
     18    <meta name="t29.SVN" content="$Id: commercial.shtm 121 2009-11-04 23:11:29Z heribert $" />
    1919    <meta name="t29.germanoriginal" content="17.07.2007/v5.7FINAL" />
    2020    <meta name="t29.thistranslation" content="22.08.2007/v5.7.5" />
  • en/computer/early-computers.shtm

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    1616    <meta name="DC.Title" content="Technikum29 - <!--#echo var="title" -->" />
    1717    <meta name="DC.Subject" content="<!--#echo var="title" -->" />
    18     <meta name="t29.SVN" content="$Id$" />
     18    <meta name="t29.SVN" content="$Id: early-computers.shtm 123 2009-11-11 22:56:33Z heribert $" />
    1919    <meta name="t29.germanoriginal" content="18.07.2007/v5.7FINAL" />
    2020    <meta name="t29.thistranslation" content="22.08.2008/v5.8FINAL" />
  • en/computer/electro-mechanical.shtm

    • Property svn:keywords changed from Id to analog.shtm
  • en/computer/electron-tubes.shtm

    • Property svn:keywords changed from Id to analog.shtm
  • en/computer/ic-technology.shtm

    • Property svn:keywords changed from Id to analog.shtm
  • en/computer/programmable.shtm

    r123 r124  
    1616    <meta name="DC.Title" content="Technikum29 - <!--#echo var="title" -->" />
    1717    <meta name="DC.Subject" content="<!--#echo var="title" -->" />
    18     <meta name="t29.germanoriginal" content="18.07.2007/v5.7FINAL" />
    19     <meta name="t29.thistranslation" content="21.08.2007/v5.7.5, Teile von B.Ulmann" />
    20     <!--changelog: 24.03.2007/v5.6.8 auf Basis von 2005/v4.1.1 -->
     18    <meta name="t29.SVN" content="$Id$" />
    7169           <br/>Only two years later WANG brought the <a class="go" href="ic-technology.shtm#backlink-wang700">WANG 700</a> to the market in direct competition to the HP 9100.
    7270           </p>
    73         </div>
    74                 <div class="box center">
    75        <img src="/shared/photos/rechnertechnik/hp9100-display.jpg" alt="HP-9100-Display" width="557" height="198" />
    76        <p class="bildtext-bildbreite" style="width: 557px;"> Display of HP 9100.</p></div>
    77        <div class="clear">&nbsp;</div>
     71       </div>
     72    </div>
     73    <div class="box center">
     74       <img src="/shared/photos/rechnertechnik/hp9100-display.jpg" alt="display of the HP-9100" width="557" height="198" />
     75       <p class="bildtext-bildbreite" style="width: 557px;">Closeup of the HP 9100 tube display</p>
    7876    </div>
  • en/computer/tabulating-machine.shtm

    r123 r124  
    22     "">
    33<html xmlns="" xml:lang="en">
    4 <head><!--#set var="title"        value="Punch card tabulator"
     4<head><!--#set var="title"        value="BULL Tabulating machine"
    55   --><!--#set var="location"     value="tabelliermaschine"
    66   --><!--#set var="part"         value="computer"
    88   --><!--#set var="prev"         value="electro-mechanical.shtm"
    99   --><!--#set var="prev_title"   value="(Electro-) mechanical calculators"
    10    --><!--#set var="next"         value="punchcard.shtm"
    11    --><!--#set var="next_title"   value="Punch card computing"
     10   --><!--#set var="next"         value="gamma3.shtm"
     11   --><!--#set var="next_title"   value="BULL GAMMA 3"
    1212 --><title>Technikum29 - <!--#echo var="title" --></title>
    1414    <!--#include virtual="/en/inc/" -->
    15     <meta name="keywords" content="" />
    1615    <meta name="DC.Title" content="Technikum29 - <!--#echo var="title" -->" />
    1716    <meta name="DC.Subject" content="<!--#echo var="title" -->" />
    1817    <meta name="t29.SVN" content="$Id$" />
    19     <meta name="t29.germanoriginal" content="08.04.2008/v5.7.21" />
    20     <meta name="t29.thistranslation" content="01.01.2009/03:08" />
    21     <meta name="t29.comment" content="sync from the scratch" />
    22     <!-- v5.7.5: Bildübersetzungsteile von Ulmann -->
    23     <!--changelog: 18.06.2008/v5.7.22 based on 08.04.2008/v5.7.21: Komplettaenderungen an der Tabelliermaschine, GAMMA 3+10 neu -->
     18    <meta name="t29.thistranslation" content="12.11.2009" />
     19    <meta name="t29.comment" content="aufgetrennt und Inhaltlich synchronisiert" />
    6258    </p>
    64     <p><small>We would like to thank the <a href="">F.E.B.
     60    <p><small>We would like to thank the <a href="">F.E.B.
    6561       (Federation des Equipes Bull) Deutschland e.V.</a> for their assistance
    6662       of the reperation of the tabulating machine</small></p>
    6864    <div class="box center">
    69         <img src="/shared/photos/rechnertechnik/bull-bs-pr/tabelliermaschine.jpg" width="679" height="658" alt="Bull PS BR Tabulating Machine" />
     65        <img src="/shared/photos/rechnertechnik/bull-bs-pr/tabelliermaschine.jpg"
     66         width="679" height="658" alt="Bull PS BR Tabulating Machine" />
    7067        <p class="bildtext">The <b>Tabulating Machine Bull BS-pr</b>: With closed walls it
    7168         looks like a strange chunk made of metal, but it comprises impressive
    7269         electromechanical technology.
    7370         <br />Multiplying and dividing mechanically needs lots of time. To shorten
    74          this amount of time, you could attach the "electronical calculator" BULL
    75          GAMMA&nbsp;3. The auxiliary tube calculator was only used for this purpose.
    76          Unfortunately it is no more available.</p>
     71         this amount of time, you could attach the <a href="gamma3.shtm">"electronical
     72         calculator" BULL GAMMA&nbsp;3</a>. The auxiliary tube calculator was
     73         only used for this purpose.</p>
    7774    </div>
    112109        <br/>10 ALUs work in parallel and are driven and synchronized by the large main motor.
    113110        Every revolution engages about 300 sliding contacts. In the upper part of the picture
    114         you can see three ALUs. Only one of the ALUs is broken, that is quite astonishing in
    115         view of the old age.
     111        you can see three ALUs. Only one of the ALUs is broken (that can be easily bypassed by
     112        customizing the programs), that is quite astonishing in view of the old age.
    116113      </p>
    117114      <div class="clear"></div>
    120117    <div class="box center">
    121118         <img src="/shared/photos/rechnertechnik/rechenwerke.jpg" alt="ALUs of the Bull tabulating machine" width="555" height="329" />
    122          <p class="bildtext">
     119         <p class="bildtext-bildbreite" style="width: 555px;">
    123120            We exposed two of the 10 ALUs for an one-of-a-kind photo. The principle of sprocket wheel
    124121            machines is visible to the naked eye. All calculation work is performed only by mechanical
    125122            components and read in electronically by touch-sensitive contacts. You can even read out
    126             the current arithmetic register contents: They are both <i>144</i>. Carries are also
     123            the current arithmetic register contents: They hold both <i>144</i>. Carries are also
    127124            performed purley mechanically. It's hardly imaginable that these machines worked more than
    128125            12 hours every day without any serious problems.
    148     <h2><a name="bull3">A first generation tube calculator: BULL GAMMA 3</a></h2>
    149     <div class="box left">
    150       <img src="/shared/photos/rechnertechnik/bull-gamma-3.jpg"
    151            alt="The BULL GAMMA 3, closed state" width="156" height="210" />
    152       <p class="bildtext">
    153         The BULL GAMMA 3 was build since 1952. It could be connected to several
    154         punchcard devices, for example to the Tabulating Machine BS, to the
    155         card copier PRD and to the ULP puncher.
    156         <br/>Our GAMMA 3 installation is fully developed and features seven
    157         delay line memory units each with a capacity of 12 decimal digits. To
    158         extend the built-in memory, there were special so-called "storage cabinets"
    159         that contained additional 24 storage units, each with a capacity
    160         of 12 decimal numbers.
    161         <br/>Summing up, the calculator features almost 400 electron tubes.
    162         Thyratrons were used to connect this fast calculator to the slow
    163         punchcard auxillary devices. A thyratron tube is capable of saving
    164         temporary digital states.
    165       </p>
    166       <div class="clear"></div>
    167     </div>
    169     <div class="box center">
    170       <img src="/shared/photos/rechnertechnik/bull-gamma-3-offen.jpg"
    171            alt="BULL GAMMA 3 Innen" width="690" height="517" />
    172       <p class="bildtext">
    173         The modules could be folded out, hence the calculator is quite
    174         service friendly. Two big fans circulate fresh air thorught the
    175         case. On the left you can see a part of the big power supply &ndash;
    176         39 fuses keep the electric circuits seperated for additional security.
    178         <br/>When this calculator is connected to our BULL Tabulating Machine,
    179         all the information from the papertape reader brushes are directly
    180         transfered to the GAMMA 3. Thus programs and data can be manipulated
    181         directly by the GAMMA 3. The output is transfered back to the
    182         printing unit from the Tabulating Machine.
    183       </p>
    184     </div>
    187     <h2><a name="bull10">A second generation calculator: The BULL GAMMA 10</a></h2>
    188     <div class="box center">
    189       <img src="/shared/photos/rechnertechnik/bull-gamma-10.jpg"
    190            alt="BULL GAMMA 10" width="640" height="390" />
    191       <p class="bildtext">
    192         In 1963 BULL General Electric presented the BULL GAMMA 10
    193         which was intended for commercial purpose and puchcard
    194         computing. The standard equipment contains a CPU with
    195         panel, a punchcard reader/puncher unit and a barrel printer.
    196         The RAM consists of a 1kb core memory which could be
    197         extended up to 4kb capacity. There are 59 different
    198         opcodes to program the CPU.
    199         <br/>The cycle time from the core memory is 7 micro
    200         seconds. The calculator is capable of reading and
    201         punching 300 cards per minute. Five punchcards per
    202         second, that is an amazing speed &ndash;
    203         therefore the punching unit is generously built. The
    204         printer can only print up to 300 lines per minute. Compared
    205         to our <a href="univac9400.shtm">Univac 9400</a> this
    206         is quite slow &ndash; the Univac 9400 is capable of
    207         printing more than 1000 lines per minute.
    208       </p>
    209     </div>
    211     <div class="box center">
    212         <img src="/shared/photos/rechnertechnik/bull-gamma-10-offen.jpg" alt="BULL GAMMA 10 without panels" style="float:left;" width="367" height="360" />
    213         <img src="/shared/photos/rechnertechnik/gamma-10-von-hinten.jpg" alt="BULL GAMMA 10 from the back" style="float:right;" width="268" height="360" />
    214         <div class="clear"></div>
    215         <p class="bildtext">
    216           The chassis is metallic bright and glossy. It is clearly arranged
    217           and therefore the machine is quite easy to maintain.
    218           <br/>We want to repair this computer, too (see our page
    219           <a href="/en/search.shtm">We are looking for...</a>). By now the
    220           complete mechanics works again. After tuning the temperature
    221           of the heated core memory and switching some defect
    222           transistors, we can already execte a program for duplicating
    223           punch cards, as well as the first mathematical programs.
    224           That's really sensational for such an old computer.
    225         </p>
    226     </div>
    228     <div class="box left">
    229          <img src="/shared/photos/rechnertechnik/modul-gamma10.jpg"
    230             alt="Typical GAMMA 10 module" height="345" width="485">
    231          <p class="bildtext">
    232             This is one of 570 modules from the GAMMA 10 computer.
    233             On the base plate the conductor tracks are aligned
    234             horizontally while they are aligned vertically on the
    235             small boards (flip flops, amplifier, etc.). Almost all
    236             transistors are still Germanium transistors.
    237          </p>
    238     </div>
    240145</div><!-- end of content -->
    241146<!--#include virtual="/en/inc/" -->
  • en/inc/

    r123 r124  
    4444            <ul class="l2">
    4545                <li class="long"><a <!--#if expr="$location = elektro-mechanik" -->class="on"<!--#else -->href="/en/computer/electro-mechanical.shtm"<!--#endif -->>(Elektro-) mechanical calculators<span>&nbsp;</span></a></li>
    46                 <li class="l3"><div<!--#if expr="($location = tabelliermaschine) || ($location = lochkarten)" --> class="on"<!--#endif -->><em>Punch card computing<span>&nbsp;</span></em>
     46                <li class="l3"><div<!--#if expr="($location = tabelliermaschine) || ($location = gamma3) || ($location = gamma10) || ($location = lochkarten)" --> class="on"<!--#endif -->><em>Punch card computing<span>&nbsp;</span></em>
    4747                    <ul>
    48                         <li class="long"><a <!--#if expr="$location = tabelliermaschine" -->class="on"<!--#else -->href="/en/computer/tabulating-machine.shtm"<!--#endif -->>Tabulating machine, BULL GAMMA 3 and GAMMA 10<span>&nbsp;</span></a></li>
    49                         <li><a <!--#if expr="$location = lochkarten" -->class="on"<!--#else -->href="/en/computer/punchcard.shtm"<!--#endif -->>Punch card devices<span>&nbsp;</span></a></li>
     48                        <li><a <!--#if expr="$location = tabelliermaschine" -->class="on"<!--#else -->href="/en/computer/tabulating-machine.shtm"<!--#endif -->>BULL Tabulating machine<span>&nbsp;</span></a></li>
     49                        <li><a <!--#if expr="$location = gamma3" -->class="on"<!--#else -->href="/en/computer/gamma3.shtm"<!--#endif -->>BULL GAMMA 3<span>&nbsp;</span></a></li>
     50                        <li><a <!--#if expr="$location = gamma10" -->class="on"<!--#else -->href="/en/computer/gamma10.shtm"<!--#endif -->>BULL GAMMA 10<span>&nbsp;</span></a></li>
     51                        <li><a <!--#if expr="$location = lochkarten" -->class="on"<!--#else -->href="/en/computer/punchcard.shtm"<!--#endif --> title="Punch card devices">Peripheral card devices<span>&nbsp;</span></a></li>
    5052                    </ul>
    5153                </div></li>
  • en/miscellaneous.shtm

    r123 r124  
    1414    <!--#include virtual="/en/inc/" -->
    1515    <meta name="t29.SVN" content="$Id: search.shtm 108 2009-08-19 17:20:00Z heribert $" />
    16     <meta name="t29.thistranslation" content="11.11.2009" />
     16    <meta name="t29.thistranslation" content="12.11.2009" />
    1717    <meta name="t29.comment" content="Initial announcement" /> 
    2222    <h2><!--#echo var="title" --></h2>
    24     <p><i>This page hast not been translated yet. We'll inform you about
    25     our pianola and our movie projector in just a few days, so keep an
    26     eye on this page!</i></p>
     24    <h3>Pianola</h3>
     25    <p>The technikum29 is quite versatile &ndash; beside all the communication
     26       and computer technology we also show very special exhibits: This is
     27       a fully executable pianola, year of manufacture about 1910-1915.</p>
     29    <p>
     30       It's quite incredible to see these amazing marvels of technology,
     31       concerning jukeboxes. They were typically made only of natural
     32       materials like leather, gum, wood, bone glue, felt, metal, paper,
     33       ivory and glas.
     34       <br/>By assembling these elements on an intelligent way, you can
     35       build a simple mechanical machine which is especially impressive
     36       for today's people. Here at the technikum29, we will show you how
     37       this device works, we will explain the basic functionality and
     38       play challenging compositions. While having covers removed, you can
     39       even see the fascinating mechanics working.
     40    </p>
     42     <div class="box center">
     43       <img src="/shared/photos/kommunikationstechnik/pianola.jpg"
     44         alt="Picture of the Pianola" width="700" height="618" class="nomargin-bottom" />
     45     </div>
     47    <h3>Movie projector</h3>
     49     <div class="box left">
     50        <img src="/shared/photos/kommunikationstechnik/kinomaschine.dresden1.jpg"
     51           alt="Photography of the movie projector Dresden 1" width="350" height="630" />
     52     </div>
     54     <p>The technikum29 also features a movie projector from 1951 (there are
     55        more and even older projectors from the 1930s that are stored in the
     56        archive for lack of space).</p>
     57     <p>
     58        Movie projectors have always been very complex devices. At that time,
     59        the bright picture projection was archived with an arc light which was
     60        generated between two carbon pencils. The waste heat was piped via a
     61        chimney pipe! <!-- stupid mode... -->
     62        Since the pencils got shorter and shorter while the movie went on, they
     63        had to be moved continously closer together for producing a constant
     64        luminosity. Otherwise the light goes out.
     65        <br/>We will repair this device to show you an original german
     66        newsreel from the 1960s ("FOX T&Ouml;NENDE WOCHENSCHAU").
     67    </p>
    2869</div><!-- end of content -->
  • en/news.shtm

    r123 r124  
    2929    <ul class="news-feed">
    3030                <li><h3>November 2009</h3>
    31                    We're about to publish the new page about <a class="go" href="miscellaneous.shtm">The Pianola and Miscellaneous</a>
    32                    were you can see some highly interesting exhibits that neither match computer nor
     31                   We're have published the new page <a class="go" href="miscellaneous.shtm">The Pianola and Miscellaneous</a>
     32                   where you can see some highly interesting exhibits that neither match computer nor
    3333                   communication technology.
    3434                </li>
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